For a women to get pregnant she need to have healthy ovaries that produce good eggs ready to to swim through the fallopian tubes and get fertilized there then swim to the uterus, implant there and grow to make a baby.
1) ovulation tests, there are many home kits available in the market , they aid in identifying females with anovulatory cycles. They also help the couple to know which time is the best for intercourse which is usually between 24-36 hours after ovulation . for the notice home kits are not 100% sensitive and the best methods is hormonal levels through labarotories.
2) Hormone testing to check ovulatory hormones thyroid and pituitary hormones.
3) Hysterosalpingography , this test show the shape of uterus and the patency of the fallopian tubes to make sure they are not blocked .
4) Diagnostic laparoscopy to examine the uterus , fallopian tubes and ovaries. Also the tubes can be checked to be patent (open) through injecting a dye though uterus and see if it pass to abdomen through the fallopian tubes.
5) Genetic testing maybe necessary in some cases .
6) Pelvic ultrasound maybe done to check the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovary.
7) Post coital test , where a cervical mucous is taken after intercourse to check for viable sperms , it shows if the cervix environment is hostile or good for sperms.
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